I am excited about this course. I love anything that involves running, jumping and just physical exercise in general. Can you discuss what impact growth patterns, body physique, and skeletal maturity have on skill acquisition and performance? How does being overweight impact a childs ability to be successful in a game of soccer?
I would like your input.Most of the time, in case you dont understand, growth patterns come from the childs genetic makeup at birth. Your text discusses maturation patterns common to most children. The timing is what differs from child to child. Some children as you must know are quick to mature and others are slower. The velocity curve is something common to all children when they are taken to the doctor. This shows how much children grow from year to year. The more rapid growth, if you have any children of your own, takes place from birth to age 5. It slows down slightly as the child begins reaching maturity. The physique determines the childs motor performance. Three major physique characteristics are mesomorphy, ectomorphy, and endomorphy (Sheldon, Dupertuis, and McDermott, 1954). They rate each of them from photographs on a 7-point scale, whereas 1 shows the characteristic least, and 7 shows it the most. Rating each of the three gives a total score for somotype. Children with a mesomorphic body physique perform best in physical activities.Skeletal Maturity: The child who is the most physically mature does best in physical education. They determine the childs maturity by comparing chronological with skeletal age. The rate of long bone growth indicates a childs maturation also. In order to do so, they x-ray the childs wrist bones, to a standard set of x-rays (Gurelich & Pyle, 1958, Roche, Chumlea & Thissen, 1988). Children who are early to mature are generally heavier and taller for their ages.Soccer can be a difficult game for an overweight child. First, their center of balance is off, and movement may be somewhat awkward (refer back to skeletal development). I think that a skill like kicking can be hard for an overweight child. One of the most basic rules is being able to control or stop the ball with the childs foot. If the stomach is in the way, wont this be difficult? The second basic rule is being able to pass the ball with the foot to another player, which may also be difficult. Balance and timing are the keys to good passing. Sometimes teams try to pass the ball down field so they can regroup. It requires a lot of coordination. Placing the non-kicking foot along the ball, and keeping the head down, eyes focused, spreading arms for balance may all be difficult or awkward for an overweight child. This doesnt mean they should be discouraged from participating but may require extra drills and practicing to get it together.
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