Just need your opinion on these two articles. See the following articles: Albala, I., Doyle, M., & Appelbaum, P. S. (2010). The evolution of consent forms for research: a quarter century of changes. IRB: Ethics & Human Research, 7-11.Brooks, R. (2010). The Development Of A Code Of Ethics: An Online Classroom Approach To Making Connections Between Ethical Foundations And The Challenges Presented By Information Technology. American Journal of Business Education, 3(10).Hello and welcome to Brain Mass today! You logged in and asked for my opinion of these two articles.The first one that I read over was by Ilene Albala, Margaret Doyle, and Paul S. App and entitledThe Evolution of Consent Forms for Research:A Quarter Century of Changes. This was an interesting article that focused on a case study concerning written consent forms. The authors began by discussing how federal regulations governing research with humans list different elements that they must reveal to the participants through consent forms. However, Despite the critical role of consent forms in the research context, there is good reason to believe that, as currently formulated, they are often far from ideal. Among the problems that have been documented is excessive length, complexity of wording that exceeds average reading levels, and problems with the accuracy with which key aspects of the studies are described (Albala, Doyle, & Apps). So, they conducted a study to see what type of consent forms are most appropriate to disclose the type of information that is needed as well as what kind of language the consent forms should be written in so that participants in the study can understand it. They discovered that long consent forms were problematic because, the longer the form, the less likely that the participant will understand it. Thus, continuing to use current approaches—which have led to steadily larger amounts of information being included in consent forms—is unlikely to be effective in achieving informed decision-making by research subjects (Albala, Doyle, & Apps).The second article that I read was entitled The Development of a Code of Ethics:
An Online Classroom Approach to Making Connections Between Ethical Foundations And The Challenges Presented By Information Technology.
This article focused on why new technologies present ethical issues and what the connection is between ethics and technology. It was discovered throughout the reading that information technology indeed creates more ethical challenges than other type of technology (such as automobiles and bridges) because such a large and diverse population is exposed to it at all different age groups and backgrounds. There was an in-depth discussion about teenagers and technology as well as adults and even IT experts and their ethical practices. It seems that regardless, ethical issues surround technology at all levels. The article published the following statistics were very interesting and relevant to their main argument about ethics:A poll of more than 16,000 U.S. IT practitioners conducted in June 2007 by the Ponemon Institute returned
these equally disturbing findings:- 62\% of IT employees polled said they had accessed another persons computer without permission.
– 50\% said they had read confidential or sensitive information without a legitimate reason.
– 42\% said they had knowingly violated their companys privacy, security, or IT policies.
– 32\% of the respondents were at or above the manager level, and the average experience level was 8.4 years
(Harbert, 2007).As you can see, technology indeed has a way of violating peoples privacy and abuse peoples rights. Virtually all areas of our society have been transformed by the usage of technology. The change is important from an ethical perspective in terms of which Information Technology (IT) workers are today and what their tasks are. In the 1980s, IT workers were mainly limited to technical fields, such as programming, data processing, server administration, and phone services. Today, IT workers are integrated into every department of organizations, they function globally, and they have access to a wealth of knowledge and information (Payne & Landry, 2006). With the power and the skills to access such large amounts of data comes the need for ethical employees. Morality of respect doesn t appear, fiilly formed, at a particular age(Brooks). This is particularly problematic in business and in schools that should be tasked with educating their employees or students about the dangers that these ethical issues can cause and how to develop a strong code of ethics to follow where technology is concerned. The findings of this study show that we can effectively start by allowing students to make personal corrections between ethical philosophy and the challenges that information technologies present as we develop a code of ethics which can serve as a framework. It is a starting point and appears to be appreciated by the participants in this study. It is evident that technology is driving the future and that will continue. We need to be proactive in steering based on strong ethics and morals (Brooks). I hope this helps! Thank you for using Brain Mass today.
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