Al Qaedas Evolution and StructureAQAM has launched terrorist attacks in Indonesia, Turkey, Spain, Algeria, Pakistan, Iraq, and India, along with the September 11, 2001 attacks. It is simultaneously a global ideological movement, a coalition of regional terrorist groups, and a collection of local insurgencies. Despite the extensive media coverage and study of Al Qaeda by terrorism experts, little is known about how it has evolved and how it currently is structured. Experts continue to debate the following questions: Is Al Qaeda a hierarchical organization led by Osama bin Laden and Ayman al Zawahiri? Or has it evolved into a leaderless insurgency, more a movement than an organization? How one answers these questions has major implications for counter-terrorism policy and strategy. In the readings this week, you look at arguments by two terrorism experts, Bruce Hoffman and Marc Sageman, about the evolution and structure of Al Qaeda. With these arguments in mind, you will consider your position in the debate about Al Qaedas evolution and structure. To prepare for this Discussion:Review the video segment The Madrid Bombings and consider how Islamic terrorist groups, like Al Qaeda, have evolved.Review the article The Global Terrorist Threat: Is Al-Qaeda on the Run or on the March? Consider Hoffmans explanation of how Al Qaeda has evolved and currently is structured.Review the article The Next Generation of Terror. Think about Sagemans explanation of how Al Qaeda has evolved and currently is structured.Review the article The Myth of Grass-Roots Terrorism as well as the article entitled The Reality of Grass-Roots Terrorism. Consider Hoffmans and Sagemans arguments about the evolution and structure of Al Qaeda.Choose a position (Hoffman or Sageman) regarding the evolution and structure of Al Qaeda.With these thoughts in mind: Post by Day 4 your position on Hoffman and Sagemans arguments regarding the evolution and structure of Al Qaeda. Justify your position with academic references.NOTE: PUT YOUR POSITION (HOFFMAN OR SAGEMAN) IN THE FIRST LINE OF YOUR POST. YOU WILL BE ASKED TO RESPOND TO A COLLEAGUE WHO TOOK THE POSITION THAT YOU DID NOT. Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.One and a half page with at least three references…. MULTIPLE USE OF INTEXT CITATION REQUIRED AND PAGE NUMBER It is important that you cover all the topics identified in the assignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUT presenting an explanation from the context of ethics and the readings for this class To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed for this assignments 1) look at the page limits 2) review and follow APA rules 3) create subheadings to identify the key sections you are presenting and 4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors. REMEMBER IN APA FORMAT JOURNAL TITLES AND VOLUME NUMBERS ARE ITALICIZED.ReadingsArticle: Hoffman, B. (2007). The global terrorist threat: Is Al-Qaeda on the run or on the march? Middle East Policy, 14(2), 44–58. Article: Hoffman, B. (2008). The myth of grass-roots terrorism. Foreign Affairs, 87(3), 133–138. Book Excerpt:Stout, M. E. (Ed.) (2009). Transnational movements and terrorism. In Cronin, P.M. (Ed.), Global Strategic Assessment 2009: Americas Security Role in a Changing World (pp. 119–144). Washington, D.C.: National Defense University Press. Retrieved from http://www.ndu.edu/inss/docUploaded/10-GSA2009_Chp… Article: Kilcullen, D. J. (2005). Countering global insurgency. The Journal of Strategic Studies, 28(4), 597–617. Article: Sageman, M. (2008). The next generation of terror. Foreign Policy, 165, 36-42. Article: Sageman, M. (2008). The reality of grass-roots terrorism. Foreign Affairs, 87(4), 165–166. Article: National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the U.S. (2004). The 9/11 Commission Report. Retrieved from http://www.9-11commission.gov/report/ oChapter 2, The Foundation of the New TerrorismMediaWeb Video: Bergman, L. (Writer), & Docherty, N. (Writer & Director). (2005, January 25). Al Quaedas new front [Television series episode]. In N. Docherty (Producer), Frontline. Boston: WGBH Educational Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/fron…oChapter 1, The Madrid BombingsOptional ResourcesWeb Video: Bergman, L. (Writer), & Docherty, N. (Writer & Director). (2005, January 25). Al Quaedas new front [Television series episode]. In N. Docherty (Producer), Frontline. Boston: WGBH Educational Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/fron… oChapter 2, The Ideological Base
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